6th Grade

6th Grade Spanish…


Describing Animals with Adjectives and Verbs

Forest

In 6th grade Spanish, students have been learning how to describe different animals with adjectives and verbs. Unlike English, in Spanish, adjectives need to agree with their nouns in number and gender. That means if students wanted to write about a dog, they would need to change their adjective to match the noun. Dog in Spanish is perro. It is masculine and in this case, it is singular. An adjective describing this dog would also have to be masculine and singular. If we wanted to say that the dog was nice, we would say el perro simpático. To add a little more difficulty and action to their sentences, students also incorporated the -ar verbs they have been learning about.

Recently, students completed comics about a character walking through an enchanted forest and narrating the different animals s/he encountered.Descriptions in these comics included happy worms singing, sad gorillas painting, and egotistical foxes dancing. Students put in great work and effort to this project and came up with some very creative descriptions to describe their own enchanted forests.

Students also added to their repertoire of verbs by learning how to conjugate -er and -ir verbs as well. After learning the steps of how to conjugate these verbs, we enjoyed watching this great video to help us practice all of the conjugations! I’m excited to see how students use their new verbs and skills to continue to build on their knowledge of Spanish in fun ways.

Una Conversación

Over the last few weeks, students in 6th grade have been working with a dialogue and adding to it as we learn new sentence structures. They began by learning about how to greet someone in Spanish and how to say goodbye; paying attention to whether these interactions were formal and informal. They are now turning these dialogues into their final term projects and adding an exchange of how are you’s and conjugated verbs.

In these conversations that students are writing, they have two characters, one formal and one informal. They will use their evolving dialogue structure to demonstrate their ability to address people formally and informally and show their progression of conjugating regular, -ar verbs. Students will also show their knowledge of using different adjectives to describe how they are.

After completing these projects, students will have a firm grasp how to have a simple conversation with new people in Spanish and be able to express how they are feeling and talking about what they and other people in their lives do. I can’t wait to see what they come up with!

¡Verbos!

 

Hola ¿Cómo está usted?

Hola ¿Cómo está usted?

It’s been a busy year so far in 6th grade Spanish! We started by learning how to appropriately greet different people in Spanish, from our friends and family, to the King and Queen of Spain.

Hola ¿Cómo estás?

Hola ¿Cómo estás?

After learning how to greet people, we worked on learning subject pronouns. In English, these are I, you, he/she/it, etc. In Spanish, they are: yo, tú, él, ella, usted, nosotros, vosotros, ellos, ellas, ustedes.

After learning how to address people, we moved on to how to conjugate verbs. When we conjugate verbs, we change them so that they reflect the subject we are talking about. We start conjugating by looking at infinitive verbs, which in English have the word “to” at the beginning, for example, to run, to speak, to jump, to sing. When conjugating a verb in English for any subject other than he, she, or it, we simply remove the “to” at the beginning: I run. For he, she, and it, we get rid of the “to” and add an “s” to the end of the word: she runs.

In Spanish, infinitive verbs either end with -ar, -er, or -ir. Right now, we are focusing on just the verbs that end in -ar, for example: hablar(to speak), dibujar (to draw), pintar (to paint). To conjugate an -ar verb, we start by taking off the -ar at the end of the verb, for example hablar becomes habl. We then add different endings to that verb depending on the subject of the verb. See below for how to conjugate hablar.

To practice our conjugations, 6th graders have been writing mini-stories and scripts as well as making profiles for different people with verbs that people do. Next week, they will be working together with a partner to create scripts in which they will showcase everything they have learned so far about how to greet people and how to use verbs. Gracias to all of them for their hard work!

Profe

 

Researching Spanish Speaking Countries

Spanish Speaking Countries

This week in 6th grade Spanish we are getting ready to kick-off our end of the year project to make a Spanish-speaking country pitch. To do this, we’ve been flexing our research muscles with these fantastic websites:

CIA World Factbook: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/

Encyclopedia Britannica: http://www.britannica.com/

Country Reports: http://www.countryreports.org/

Country Watch: http://www.countrywatch.com/

Geographia: http://geographia.com/

TASA: http://www.travel-amazing-southamerica.com/

Our 6th graders have found fun facts (and sometimes not so fun facts) about Spanish speaking countries. Some that we heard today were:

Colombia is named after Christopher Columbus

Puerto Rico has a head of government (Alejandro García Padilla) and a head of state (Barack Obama)

Some of the languages spoken in Peru include Spanish, Quechua, and Aymara

Guatemala has one of the lowest adult literacy rates in Central America

The girls will soon be putting together travel pitches for their countries of focus to encourage their classmates to learn more about or even visit their country that they present on. In the coming weeks, the girls will be using their research skills that they have learned here to find information about their countries. They will show their classmates cultural, tourist, and historic information on these countries. I can’t wait to see what they come up with!

Flex Those Reflexive Verbs!

6th Grade Spanish has been very busy!

We have been working with the difference between “hay” (there is/there are) and “estar” (to be) and how we use each of these words differently. To do this, we drew our own pictures and then went around the room to describe them. Some very entertaining sentences came out of this activity:

“Hay un gato encima de la vaca.”- There is a cat on top of the cow.

“Los pantalones están en la casa.”- The pants are on the house.

This week we took our unit test and are back to working with something called Reflexive Verbs. These are verbs that are used for doing something to oneself, for example: to brush one’s teeth, to bathe oneself, etc. There is a different conjugation for verbs like this, and the girls have been working hard to learn this new conjugation.

To help us bolster our understanding of reflexive verb conjugations as well as to increase the ease at which we do the conjugations, we played charades…with a Spanish twist. Each girl looked at an infinitive form of a reflexive verb and then acted out the verb. Her classmates could only guess the verb by conjugating it for a certain subject correctly and then being called on. The girls had a great time watching their classmates act out the words and guessing what the verb was.

Who says conjugating verbs has to be boring?

Gracias to the girls!

Profe